Microsoft Flow: Condition syntax for SharePoint columns

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Are you a Power User working with SharePoint in Office 365? Do you plan on using a SharePoint list or library with Microsoft Flow? If so, read on! In this post, I’ll show condition syntax for common SharePoint column types when building a Microsoft Flow. To demonstrate this, I’ll show five frequently used column types and how to use them in a condition – something you’ll find yourself routinely needing to do.

Although this information is available thru other reference material, I wanted all examples in one place for a quick reference.

Check out my other post, Microsoft Flow: Update SharePoint columns, where I demonstrate how to update each of these 5 SharePoint column types in a Microsoft Flow.

Here are the site column names I’ll use and their column types:


The examples show the advanced mode condition and use the Workflow Definition Language. You can get to the advanced mode by clicking Edit in advanced mode while editing the condition in Microsoft Flow (image). In most cases, you can start in basic mode and the advanced formula is automatically created for you, however its important to understand the syntax being used behind-the-scenes and to assist in troubleshooting.


If you need to enter an expression, click Add dynamic content and then Expression to create the expression. (often required when working with dates)



ExampleChoiceColumn condition:

  • Requirement: Check for a choice value of ‘East’:
    • Condition: @equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleChoiceColumn’]?[‘Value’], ‘East’)
    • Tip: ensure you are using the Value of the choice column and not just the column name.


ExampleDateColumn condition:

Note: The ExampleDateColumn is defined as a Date only column in this example. Ensure all expressions are formatted to the correct date format for your comparisons to work. In these examples, I’m using yyyy-MM-dd. Eg. 2018-02-17

  • Requirement: Check for a date value of Today:
    • Expression formula: formatDateTime(utcNow(), ‘yyyy-MM-dd’)
    • Condition: @equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleDateColumn’], formatDateTime(utcNow(), ‘yyyy-MM-dd’))
  • Requirement: Check for a date value prior to 1 week in the past:
    • Expression formula: formatDateTime(addDays(utcNow(), -7), ‘yyyy-MM-dd’)
    • Condition: @lessOrEquals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleDateColumn’], formatDateTime(addDays(utcNow(), -7), ‘yyyy-MM-dd’))
  • Requirement: Check for a null date value:
    • Advanced condition only: @empty(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleDateColumn’])
    • Note: you cannot enter this in basic mode. This is an example where you must be in advanced mode to enter the formula

ExampleLookupColumn condition:

  • Requirement: Check for a lookup value of ‘North’:
    • Condition: @equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleLookupColumn’]?[‘Value’], ‘North’)
    • Tip: ensure you select the value of the lookup column and not the column on its own or the Id.


ExampleManagedMetadataColumn condition:

  • Requirement: Check for a managed metadata term value of ‘North’:
    • Condition: @equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleManagedMetadataColumn’]?[‘Label’], ‘North’)
    • Tip: ensure you select the Label and not the Value. The Value is the guid of the term.



ExampleYesNoColumn condition:

  • Requirement: Check for a value of ‘Yes’:
    • Condition: @equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleYesNoColumn’], true)
  • Requirement: Check for a value of ‘No’ (either of these would work):
    • Condition: @not(equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleYesNoColumn’], true))
    • Condition: @equals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleYesNoColumn’], false)

I hope you found this post helpful. 🙂

Thanks for reading.


Credit: Photo by Scott Webb on Unsplash



  1. How to Check for a date value that is about to expire in 30 day and also remove date equals to null from these dates.
    Expression formula: formatDateTime(addDays(utcNow(), 30), ‘yyyy-MM-dd’)
    Condition: @lessOrEquals(triggerBody()?[‘ExampleDateColumn’], formatDateTime(addDays(utcNow(), 30), ‘yyyy-MM-dd’)) ??

    1. Hi Revanth, at first glance your formulas look reasonable – you will probably get a quicker answer by posting your question on the Flow forum.

  2. Hi Jane,

    I am in the middle of creating a flow but stuck.

    I want to “send a mail” only if the SharePoint List column(choice) value is equal to “East” if not go with the other action.

    I cannot create a condition

    I also cannot find the trigger option in settings of an action nor the edit in advance mode.

    Please help!!

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